[This excerpt from HISTORIA & TALE OF DOCTOR JOHANNES FAUSTUS at http://lettersfromthedustbowl.com/Fbk1.html expounds an old Earth-centric cosmic model. This is from the earliest-known manuscript version (Wolfenbüttel Manuscript) of the Faust story, written just before 1587. This author doesn’t provide a Copernican answer, but the question of the nature of the cosmos was on his mind.]
The Second Question
I thank you very much, spake the doctor, my dear Lord Faustus, for your brief account. I shall remember it and ponder upon it my life long. But, if I may trouble you further, would ye not instruct me once more as concerns the brilliance of the stars and their appearance by night.
Yea, very briefly, answered Doctor Faustus. Now it is certain, so soon as the sun doth ascend into the Third Heaven (if it should move down into the First Heaven, it would ignite the earth–but the time for that is not yet come, and the earth must still proceed along her God-ordained course), when the sun doth so far withdraw itself, I say, then doth it become the right of the stars to shine for as long as God hath ordained. The First and Second Heavens, which contain these stars, are then brighter than two of our summer days, and offer an excellent refuge for the birds by night.
Night, therefore, observed from Heaven, is nothing else than day, or, as one might also aver, the day is half the night. For ye must understand that when the sun ascends, leaving us here in night, the day is just beginning in such places as India and Africa. And when our sun shineth, their day waneth, and they have night.
Pasted from <http://lettersfromthedustbowl.com/Fbk2.html>