The day the sun stood still. From the Bible. Joshua 10:
Then Joshua spoke to the LORD in the day when the LORD delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel:
“Sun, stand still over Gibeon;
And Moon, in the Valley of Aijalon.”
So the sun stood still,
And the moon stopped,
Till the people had revenge
Upon their enemies.
Is this not written in the Book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and did not hasten to go down for about a whole day.
(Until about Faust’s time, the Church had held Europe in intellectual thrall for a thousand years. Inquiry was hobbled by the position of the Church that everything in the Bible was God-inspired and accurate; by a deep respect for ancient knowledge; and by a disregard for nature. While in some minds the literary Faust was a sinful man, in others he represents an individual – even a civilization – breaking free. That the sun doesn’t go around the Earth, suggests that suspiciously God knew no more than the people of the time – He added nothing to knowledge despite his perspective – but to argue that the Bible was wrong, or simply written by men was to imply that religion was nonsense and priests were superfluous.
Some people, while remaining Christian in their orientation, determined to ignore anything any human said about God and to concentrate on their own personal relationship and understanding of Him. While deism was scandalous to good Christians, many of the founding fathers of the USA were deists. Consequently, many think of the USA as a Christian society without noticing the explicit signs of Christianity are missing.)